Antoni Gaudí (25 June 1852 – 10 June 1926) was an Spanish Catalan architect and is the best known practitioner of the Catalan Modernism. The work of Gaudí is influenced by architecture, nature and religion.
Gaudí’s best known work, by far, is the Sagrada Familia, but he designed many other influential work. Some other work of Gaudí is for instance: El Capricho, Episcopal Palace Astorga, Palau Güell, Cripta Colònia Güell, Park Güell, Casa Batllo and Casa Milà.
GAUDI'S SAGRADA FAMILIA
The Sagarada Familia is located in Barcelona, Spain, and is designed by the famous architect Antoni Gaudí. The design of the Sagrada Familia is based on catenary design. The construction of the Temple Sagrada Familia already started in 1882 but still is not finished today. The temple will be finished approximately in 2026.
Sagrada Familia by Antoni Gaudi
El Capricho by Antoni Gaudi
Episcopal Palace Astorga by Antoni Gaudi
Cripta Colònia Güell by Antoni Gaudi
Casa Batllo by Antoni Gaudi
Casa Milà by Antoni Gaudi
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The design of the Sagrada Familia was originally designed by Fransiscode Paula del Villar, but has been redesigned when Gaudí became the architect of the Sagrada Familia in 1883. Gaudí’s design is established by a model with hanging chains, a so called catenary design.
Gaudí planned 18 towers all having a symbolic religious meaning. 12 towers symbolize the apostles, 4 symbolize the evangelists, and 2 are dedicated to Mary and Jesus. The height of the towers are chosen according the symbolic hierarchy they represent. The highest tower (Jesus) will have a height of 172,5 meters.
The hole temple is designed on a grid of 7,5 meters by 7,5 meters, the height of the towers is also based on this grid. The grid is especially noticeable in the nave of the church, because of the tree-like columns.
Catenary Design by Antoni Gaudi
Exterior Sagrada Familia
Exterior of the Sagrada Familia
Interior Sagrada Familia
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At the moment only 1/3 of the design is constructed. Before the complete temple is finished, in 2026, there is a lot of work to be done. The finished Sagrada Familia will be even more impressive than it already is. Take a look at the video below to see what the final design will look like.